IELTS assesses all of your English skills i.e. listening, speaking, reading and writing. Further, it is designed to reflect how you will use English at study, work and new life in abroad etc.
There are two types of IELTS tests: Academic and General IELTS
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There are four sections one has to be prepared for while preparing for an IELTS test. Reading, writing, listening and speaking. Everyone will take the same listening and speaking tests but different reading and writing tests. Reading and listening must be taken on the same day. As per the test format, you would be given a 30 minute session on listening where you will listen to four recorded texts, monologues and conversations by a range of speakers, and write your answers to a series of questions. There will another 60 minutes for the reading component which consists of 40 questions. A variety of question types is used in order to test a wide range of reading skills. These include reading for gist, reading for main ideas, reading for detail, skimming, understanding logical argument and recognizing writers’ opinions, attitudes and purpose.
The Academic version includes three long texts which range from the descriptive and factual to the discursive and analytical. The texts are authentic and are taken from books, journals, magazines and newspapers. These have been selected for a non-specialist audience but are appropriate for people entering university courses or seeking professional registration.
The General Training version requires test takers to read extracts from books, magazines, newspapers, notices, advertisements, company handbooks and guidelines. These are materials you are likely to encounter on a daily basis in an English-speaking environment. The writing components of IELTS are of 60 minutes and includes two tasks. The topics vary but are of general interest. The first task consists of graph, table, charts, or diagram and will be asked to describe and explain the data, describe stages of process etc. The second task will consist of you writing an essay in response to a point of view, argument or problem.
There will a another 11 to 14 minutes to assess your use of spoken English. The examiner will ask you general questions about yourself and on a range of familiar topic, like family work, home etc. this would last some where around 4 to 5 minutes and then you would be asked to talk about a particular topic with a help of a card. The examiner will then ask you questions related to the topic.
Practice as much as you can, while listening its important to concentrate along with the speaker as she or he maybe gradually increasing their speed. Keep along with the speaker. the more you practice the more you will be able to keep up. concentrate and practice careful reading from the beginning till the end. Practice reading skill as much as you can. get tips from books and articles and improve reading speed. Try to use different word if you have use the same word over and over. keep your sentences short it expresses idea clearly.Get good study material and go through the given examples to familiarize yourself with the patter of the exam.
While speaking the best practice is to listen and practice day to day English conversations. Talk about everyday practices and things you are familiar with, this will help you converse easier. Speak as normal as you can and in your own tone. Talk as if you are talking to someone in your day to day life. Use lots of different words. Use expressions. Relax when you speak don’t fill the gaps with long pauses. Practice to be fluent.